Kristallnacht was the first extreme act of violence against the Jews and signaled the beginning of
the Jews of Nazi Europe.
Fifty years after Kristallnacht,
a survivor, Sigmund Tobias said, “Yet the Nazis had brazenly destroyed the most awesome objects
of our faith. I will never forget how horror struck this six-year-old at the realization that there was no safety for us anywhere.”
this picture shows the broken shop window of a Jewish-owned business that was destroyed during Kristallnacht